United Kingdom

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UnitedKingdomFlag.png
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Canada
Political information
Type of Government
  • Constitutional Monarchy
  • Parliamentary Democracy
Founding Document
  • Initial: Acts of Union 1707 and 1800.
  • Most Recent: Dual-Act of Union 1944
Head of State

His Majesty King George VII of Anglo-Canada

Head of Government

Lady Helen Briar

Executive Branch

Cabinet of Ministers

Legislative Branch

Houses of Parliament

  • Upper House: House of Lords
  • Lower House: House of Commons
Societal information
Official Language
  • English
  • Many others
Currency

Pound Sterling

Anthem

God Save the King

Population

4,809,000,000

Historical information
Formed from
  • OldUKFlag.png United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • CanadaFlag.png Dominion of Canada
Date of establishment

1944

  [Source]

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Canada, commonly referred to as the United Kingdom or simply the UK, is a sovereign state and founding member of the Democratic Federation located mainly in the Sea of Clouds Cluster.

A constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system, the UK consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Canada. Over the course of several centuries, the former three (all located on the small island known as Great Britain) were integrated under a single royal house during Earth's Medieval and Early Modern Periods, becoming a modern state in the Nineteenth Century. As the mother country of a vast Empire, the United Kingdom ruled (directly or indirectly) vast swathes of territory and wielded incredible global influence. During the Scinfaxi Crisis, that Empire was stretched almost to breaking point.

In response to the dark days of the Scinfaxi Crisis, the United Kingdom's political establishment merged with that of the largest remaining overseas territory of her former Empire: Canada in 1944. This union was the origin of the United Kingdom in its current form, and the nation has developed a unique and distinctive nature as a result.

As the interstellar successor to the British Empire, the modern United Kingdom has close ties to many foreign countries as part of the Commonwealth of Nations, a non-governmental association of those nations with shared a shared British past as either colonies or dependencies on the Crown. British influence can also be found in the language, culture, and legal systems of many nations across the Orion Arm, in particular the Anglophone nations of the United States of America, Confederation of Australasia and the Pacific States of America. The latter, whilst not a member of the Commonwealth of Nations is considered diplomatically close the United Kingdom as part of the 'Cousins Alliance', a special relationship that goes back to the dark days of the Scinfaxi War.

The United Kingdom is the second largest economy within the Democratic Federation behind the United States of America and fifth largest overall. A great power, the United Kingdom has considerable military, cultural, scientific, economic and political influence. The Royal Navy specifically represents the largest naval force within the Democratic Federation by total tonnage and maintains dozens of forward bases and anchorages across the Orion Arm.


History

Pre-Scinfaxi History

Prior to the Scinfaxi Invasion, the United Kingdom was centered upon the British Isles, located North West of Europe. These islands, first settled roughly 30,000 years ago, would eventually see the rise of four disparate kingdoms for much of history up until the early Eighteenth Century: England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. During the period of Roman Imperial Rule, the regions that were to become England and Wales were part of the Roman province of Britannia; later, England's Anglo-Saxon rulers were deposed by French speaking nobles from Normandy, who remade England as a cosmopolitan kingdom with ties to a vast swathe of French territory. These Norman and Angevin rulers eventually conquered both Wales and parts of Ireland, subduing them to English rule, and over the next few centuries, England and Scotland were to be intermittently at war.

On May 1st, 1707 the Kingdom of Great Britain was formally established after the Acts of Union were passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland, uniting the two countries. The term “United Kingdom” became official in 1801 when the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each passed another Act of Union, again with England as the senior partner.

The British-led Industrial Revolution began in the early 19th century and rapidly began to transform the country, shifting power away from historical landowning classes towards new industrialists and a growing middle class. Large amounts of urbanization occurred during this period, with new trade unions formed in burgeoning cities and towns.

After the defeat of France following the Napoleonic Wars, the United Kingdom emerged as the primary naval and imperial power of the 19th century. For the most part unchallenged across the world, British dominance came to be known as Pax Britannica, a long period of stability and peace in Europe and the world from 1815 to 1914. The British Empire at this point expanded to included India, large swathes of Africa and many other regions across Latin America, Asia and Oceania. London, the capital of the Empire grew to become the largest city in the world during this era.

The British Empire began to wane towards the turn of the century as Canada, Australia and New Zealand became self-governing nations and America and Germany began challenging the United Kingdom’s industrial dominance. Social reform and Irish separatism became important domestic issues after 1900 and saw the rise of a political alliance of trade unions and socialist groups, as well as a campaign for woman’s suffrage.

In 1914, the United Kingdom fought with France, Russia and after 1917, the United States against Germany and its allies in The Great War. For four years, the British armed forces were engaged across the British Empire and much of Europe, particularly the Western Front in France. The conflict saw the loss of much of a generation of men and created lasting social effects in the nation.

The rise of Irish Nationalism eventually led to the partition of Ireland in 1921 and saw the creation of the Irish Free State. A wave of strikes occurred through much of the 1920s, culminating in the UK General Strike of 1926. A large wave of unemployment spread across the country following the Great Depression, further contributing to political and social unrest.

The Scinfaxi Virus

The United Kingdom first became aware of the Scinfaxi Virus in 1936 following its discovery by American forces in the Philippines. The threat the Virus posed to Earth’s ecosystem was only barely understood by the time it had spread on masse across Africa, Asia and Australia. The evacuation of the UK’s affected colonies and allies, as well as a coordinated quarantine and medical response was the prime focus of the British government throughout the 1930s and 1940s. Within the first year of the Virus Crisis, over three million people had been evacuated to the British Isles and Canada from Australia alone. With the participation of the United States, tens of millions of affected people were evacuated from British colonies and later nearly every nation suffering from the spread of the Virus.

By 1939, the United Kingdom became the first country to grant amnesty to any refugee able to reach its shores. While historically viewed as one of the greatest humanitarian acts in history, it was met with outrage at the time as the British economy and social order suffered under the growing refugee population. Combined with the failure of the British government to prevent the absorption of much of Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence, Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Great Britain was forced to resign and replaced by Winston Churchill.

Under Churchill, the global evacuation continued, but with a greater emphasis placed on the remaining British colonies for largely racist reasons. Despite this, his fiery rhetoric in the face of the rapidly deteriorating conditions across the world helped shore up support both at home and globally. In 1941, the United States and United Kingdom issued a Joint Declaration, promising support against the Virus wherever it might be found. Yet in spite of this renewed effort, little progress was made.

The Scinfaxi Invasion

The arrival of the Scinfaxi sent tremendous shockwaves throughout the British Empire and the rest of the world. With the British Isles already inundated with refugees and the rest of the empire in complete disarray, its government was forced to take drastic measures. Negotiations with the Prime Minister MacKenzie King, undertaken during the most extreme of circumstances, resulted in the integration of the Dominion of Canada back into the United Kingdom under a new Act of Union. Thousands of ships which had once ferried millions from across the world to Great Britain now carried them to Canada, seemingly the last unaffected region of the British Empire. While ostensibly only open to those possessing Commonwealth citizenship, in practice few were turned away as vast “people’s convoys” began the long journey across the Atlantic in often ghastly conditions. The Atlantic convoys would continue for the duration of the war.

In Europe the Scinfaxi were largely met by the Greater German Reich and token resistance by the collapsing French Republic and Italian Empire. A British Expeditionary Force lasted only weeks on the continent before retreating across the channel after arriving too late to take part in the defense of Paris and a disastrous defeat with the remains of the French Army near Beauvais. Parliament would prevent any attempt to deploy a second expeditionary force for the remainder of the war.

Only the British Air Force undertook offensive action against the Scinfaxi over the continent, both with French, Belgian and Danish forces that had escaped to Britain and after the death of Hitler in 1944, alongside the Luftwaffe. The British Navy, still spread across the world continued the evacuation of refugees and engaged the Scinfaxi whenever possible. The British Fleet, cut off from the rest of the Navy after the fall of the Panama and Suez canals retreated to the American Pacific Coast and assisted in the defense of the American continent, most notably in the Battle of Los Angeles.

As the relentless advance of the Scinfaxi across the continent continued unabated, further evacuations to Canada were undertaken as the threat of a Scinfaxi landing on Great Britain grew. In 1945 the Royal Family and prominent members of the political establishment fled to Canada. Winston Churchill adamant in resolve, elected to stay in London leaving only once to oversee the establishment of a government in exile in Canada should Great Britain fall. When the United States detonated its first atomic bomb towards the end of 1945, British scientists raced to create their own version of the weapon. Succeeding in early 1946, the United Kingdom was nevertheless dissuaded by the German Reich from deploying it as the Scinfaxi had already begun to retreat across Europe.

The Aftermath

The United Kingdom suffered terribly during the war. While the Scinfaxi had never made a direct landing on the British Isles, the Virus had ravaged much of the country before finally dying off throughout the end of the 1940s. The British Army and Air Force had suffered extreme losses during the evacuations and the air campaign over Europe and only the Royal Navy retained the majority of its pre-war strength. British industry was nearly completely intact however, and it leveraged this strength to assist in reconstructions both at home and across the world. In Canada and the Pacific States of America in Particular, the British devoted vast amounts of industrial engineering and expertise in exchange for raw material.

By 1949 the integration of Canada back into the United Kingdom had largely been completed, ending the “Time of Two Prime Ministers” and forming the basis of the modern British government. These included a single governing executive body, a new unified parliament and other new institutions. The first elections held after the war resulted in Winston Churchill’s first (of three) consecutive premierships over the new nation.

The United Kingdom attempted through the 1950s and 1960s to curb the spreading influence of the Greater German Reich and the Soviet Union across Europe with mixed success. Independence was won for France in 1963 and its freedom from German hegemony was achieved a year later after the French Blockade Crisis. The rest of the continent however remained locked under German and Soviet control.

Numerous social reforms were instituted throughout the latter half the 20th century to help better integrate the massive refugee population that remained too large for local infrastructure to handle. Massive housing and health programs were introduced under a reluctant Churchill to cope with the challenges of the new era. The British Isles saw a limited return migration of those who fled to Canada, particularly after Quebec was granted independence in 1974, but it wasn’t until the 1990s that its population reached pre-war levels.

The United Kingdom became a founding member of the United Nations when the organization was formalized in 1977, becoming a leading partner alongside the United States. Widespread economic slowdowns and industrial strife persisted in the 1980s but economic growth later resumed, helped by the inflow of substantial North Sea oil revenues.

Major changes to the governance of the UK began in the early 21st century, granting devolved administrations to the governments of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Centralization would eventually return to the British Isles as conditions worsened across the world as the result of the Scinfaxi terraforming virus. In 2001, the United Kingdom instituted a one-child policy, following the lead of many other countries across the world.

Colonization

Politics and Government

System

The political system of the United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy operating within a federal planetary system. Each planet has its own regional and planetary assemblies, with councils and authorities placed beneath them. National policy is set by the Parliament of Westminster, on New London, whose members are elected by planet in proportion to population. The head of government, known as the Prime Minister, is traditionally the leader of the largest party (either singly or in a bloc) to possess a majority in Parliament.

Elections for Planetary and Continental Assemblies are held every three local years as standard, with some places operating differently. The Parliament is elected every six terran years, with a General Referendum of Confidence held after three years. All constituencies possess the right to recall their representatives if dissatisfied by presenting a petition with a quorum of two-thirds majority. Such a petition will trigger a by-election at whatever level. A by-election is also triggered by the resignation or death of the incumbent assembly person or MP.

Current Government and Political Parties

The current Prime Minister, Lady Helen Briar, is the leader of the National Commonwealth Labour Party, also known as NCL or simply 'National Labour'. The party currently holds a majority in Parliament in coalition with the Progressive Liberal Federation (the PLF). The Leader of the Opposition is the Federal Conservative Party chairman Alfred Billingsley. Several other parties are represented in Parliament, inclduing the York Regional Association, the New Federation and the Commonwealth Expatriate Congress. The latter three have less than ten Members of Parliament between them.

Lady Helen Briar is currently serving her second term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Her party, National Labour, is a centre-left organization that advocates social-democratic policies. The current issues facing her government are the maintenance of the 1950s welfare state introduced by Clement Atlee and the original Labour Party, with the then Prime Minister's reluctant support. A reform measure designed by Reginald Harding is currently making its way through Parliament that will see further expenditure on healthcare by the national government. This measure is supported by the centrist Progressive Liberal Federation. Their party leader Thomas Bamforth, a Royal Navy veteran, is currently tipped to become Prime Minister at the next general election if the bill passes the House.

Opposing the bill is the centre-right Federal Conservative Party. Another party descended from a 1930s equivalent, this time the Conservative Party of Winston Churchill, the FCP opposes the bill out of a desire to expand the Royal Navy budget, and encourage trade and commerce. The FCP does not, however, oppose the welfare state, and has on several occasions blocked attempts by rogue members to have it dismantled. A small breakaway group, the New Conservative Alliance, failed to secure a single seat during the national elections of 2220 precisely because they opposed the welfare state.

The minor parties in Parliament come and go. Of the three currently present, the York Regional Association is the longest-lived. Although ostensibly a party dedicated to the interests of York, the YRA is in fact simply another centrist party. Its members continue to be returned with high levels of support from their constituency planets thanks to their perceived ties to the region, an impression that they deliberately encourage with bills in Parliament that benefit York and its spaceship construction industry. The YRA MPs generally vote by conscience on certain issues, with two-thirds supporting the government at the last reading of the Welfare Reform Bill.

The Commonwealth Expatriate Congress is a party that has considerable influence in many of the United Kingdom's democratic assemblies, although it has a limited Parliamentary presence with only four MPs. Founded by Anita Sivaji during the colonization era, the CEC was initially an association of a multitude of Indian, Asian and African groups that gave voice to the thousands of refugees that escaped the Scinfaxi Virus into Canada and Great Britain. Nowadays operating as a political party in and of itself, the CEC has majorities on many continents and planets, where it primarily implements center-left policies. It is still one of the most conspicuous litigants on behalf of ethnic groups, most recently on behalf of Muslims living on Birmingham (Mohammed Kaleed v. Julian Lion). Its MPs are generally to be found voting with the government, although they have not entered into a formal coalition agreement.

The New Federation is a left wing party that has recently gained three seats in Parliament much to the chagrin of Helen Briar and National Labour. The New Federation is currently under investigation, however, for supposed links to the Soviet Union, a high profile story that has already had repercussions for several political figures on New London itself (the Junior Secretary for Energy, Harry Firth was forced to resign after it emerged that he had 'accidentally on purpose' left papers at a restaurant for someone whom he believed was a Soviet spy.) The NF's MPs mainly vote in order to cause the most damage to whomever they please, and are therefore considered loose cannons within Parliament. They voted against the Welfare Reform Bill, citing reasons of socialist ideology. Unfortunately for them, the vote has since earned them a reputation as political opportunists rather than the socialists that many believed they had voted for.

Despite its liberal democratic leanings, the United Kingdom still has on the statute books laws banning parties that deliberately affiliate themselves with the political ideologies of either the Soviet Union or the Greater German Reich. It is the opinion of the Sovereign Court of the United Kingdom that 'the expression of left-wing politics is catered for within established political parties, and far-right politics play little part in Anglo-Canadian public discourse.' (The Crown vs. the Communist Part of New London). As of the present day, there are no nationalistic or right-wing MPs in Parliament, with only a few members present on Assemblies throughout the nation.

Head of State and Aristocracy

The Head of State is King George VII of the House of Windsor, styled King of Anglo-Canada. The monarch has very little power in the United Kingdom, acting primarily as a ceremonial figurehead for the nation. King George is a popular if quiet monarch, and has been often compared to his ancestor King George V.

As well as a constitutional monarch, the United Kingdom also hosts a large title aristocracy, which plays a part in the national debate in the House of Lords. The titles do not come with any real power, and are used as a means of honouring service to the nation and to various disciplines (including science and the arts). Honours are given at certain times, and are strictly distributed on a non-partisan basis. Lady Helen Briar received her title in recognition for charity work, and is the first to benefit from a ruling that allowed peers to forego the House of Lords in favour of standing for the House of Commons instead. The peers of the House of Lords are elected by planetary party list, and most do declare a party affiliation. There are a greater number of independents in the House of Lords, however, and voting by party is seen less often. There are strict standards enforced to ensure that members of the House of Lords are experts in whatever field they may have come from, in order to ensure a high quality of debate. The House of Lords may delay legislation for two years, and has the same rights of amendment as the House of Commons.

Military Forces

The military forces of the United Kingdom are divided between three service arms, each with their own subdivisions. The largest and most senior is the Royal Navy, followed by the Royal Air Force and finally the Anglo-Canadian Army. The United Kingdom has a volunteer tradition in its armed forces, and has only introduced conscription once in its long history.

The Royal Navy

The largest and most senior of the Anglo-Canadian military arms, the Royal Navy is responsible for securing the space lanes and planets of the United Kingdom, as well as delivering other forces to hotspots around the Orion Arm. The Royal Navy is the pride of the United Kingdom, and is often referred to as the 'eldest daughter of the crown'.

The Royal Navy has no official founding date but was active from the 15th Century as the seaborne force of the King of England. As England, and then the United Kingdom, expanded its influence, the Royal Navy became the glue that held together and protected the burgeoning empire. It was for many years both the first and last line of defense against enemies.

Over its illustrious history, the Royal Navy established a legacy of superb seamanship and leadership. Battles such as Trafalgar and heroes like Nelson cemented for the United Kingdom a legacy of naval strength that went unchallenged for centuries. Only one serious challenger ever emerged, the German High Seas Fleet of the early Twentieth Century, but even that threat could not topple the mighty Royal Navy, despite the dubious result of the Battle of Jutland.

When the United Kingdom made the transition to spaceflight, the responsibility for armed space vessels was initially divided between the Navy and its younger sibling the RAF. As technology advanced, however, it became clear that soon space vessels would soon be as large as, if not larger, the battleships of Earth's history, and after a Defence Review of the armed forces of the United Kingdom, Parliament invested the Royal Navy with control of all spacecraft above a certain tonnage (excepting civilian vessels used for non-military commercial purposes.)

The Royal Navy continues to undertake very similar roles to its predecessor, and maintains many of the same traditions. It protects Anglo-Canadian shipping, ports and planets from enemies; enforces the United Kingdom's will in the far flung corners of the Orion Arm and delivers other combat arms to hotspots and peacekeeping missions. Maintaining a large force of all vessel sizes, the Royal Navy is, by tonnage, the largest navy amongst the Allies (followed by the United States Navy). It conducts annual (Terran Standard) wargames with the fleets of the other Democratic Federation members, and often takes on training crews from other powers to 'show them the ropes' (an archaic term which is still in use).

Shipbuilding, both military and commercial, remains a big business in the United Kingdom, and so the Royal Navy possess some of the finest vessels amongst the Allied Worlds. The Royal Navy is also one of the few of the 'Earth Navies' to still have a seabound vessel on active service, HMS Victory, the flagship of Lord Horatio Nelson. A subsidiary force, the Royal Navy Seaguard, is also technically under the admiralty's command. The Seaguard consists of a fleet of orbital capable high yield missiles, designed to protect a planet from orbiting spacecraft. These missiles are generally mounted on submarines, larger, more advanced and more efficient cousins of Twentieth Century vessels of the same name.

Overall, the Navy is a source of great pride to the people, and will remain a cornerstone of the United Kingdom for many years to come.

The Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force, or RAF, is the fighter and bomber arm of the United Kingdom's military. The youngest force, born out of the Great War of 1914-1918, the RAF, despite its name, now provides light craft to escort Royal Navy space vessels on combat operations, as well as air cover on planets in and beyond the United Kingdom.

Often depicted as composed of dashing, courageous and somewhat reckless pilots in popular culture, the RAF is perhaps the most glamorous, if not the most prestigious, arm of the United Kingdom's military. In fact, the RAF positively encourages the public image of the service in order to heighten recruitment, and has on more than one occasion 'temporarily' detached units in order to capture 'dogfights' for both film and television.

If there is anything more dashing than the RAF as a whole, then it has to be the Orion-renowned RAF elite squadron known as the 'Blue Knights'. This squadron, named after William 'The Blue Knight' Spalding, a fighter ace of the Scinfaxi War, has a record number of confirmed kills to match a pretty high survival rate for single seat fighter pilots. Members of the RAF must pass rigorous tests in order to join the Blue Knights, and have a confirmed kill record of at least ten victories before they will be considered. All Blue Knight pilots are also officers, and many are rotated out of the unit in order to pass on their skills to other pilots both in the RAF and other allied Air Forces. Recruitment during peacetime is naturally impossible except for when a pilot retires or an unfortunate accident occurs (which it never has). Competition for the few vacancies is fierce even in wartime, and the Blue Knights are feared and respected in equal measure.

The RAF is not all about engaging enemy aircraft however. The force also maintains landing craft, gunships and shuttles (both medical, logistical and transportation) that smooth the wheels of military and aid operations. Nearly every Anglo-Canadian service personnel will spend some time on an RAF vessel of some kind or another. The service may be less glamorous but it is no less important, and RAF command has a habit of taking ace pilots out of combat craft and putting them on logistics duties in order to remind them of how important the 'crates' are. Even 'Blue Knights' have taken their turn at the wheel of a transport shuttle, and the RAF continues to take pride in its service in both skies and space.

The Anglo-Canadian Army

The Anglo-Canadian Army is the tank and infantry corps of the United Kingdom. Serving on a myriad of worlds and in a thousand conflicts, the Anglo-Canadian Army may be the smallest in the Democratic Federation, but it is also regarded as one of the best trained.

A volunteer-only force and proud of it, the Anglo-Canadian Army has a long and serried history. Often without the numbers of other armed forces, it has often relied on superior training and technology to make up for any disparity in numbers. That still holds true today, and the Anglo-Canadian Army still holds its own in the annual wargames with allied powers.

The old adage of William Churchill that the 'British Army was a projectile to be fired by the British Navy' still applies in the combat doctrine of the United Kingdom. Supported by both the RAF and the Royal Navy, the Anglo-Canadian Army has a reputation for careful planning and precise actions, as well as high mobility. Anglo-Canadian officers are regarded as experts in the field of combined operations coordination, and in orbital bombardment triangulation, a still hazardous venture.

The Army is more often used as a defensive rather than offensive military arm by the United Kingdom given its small size. Generally it has been reserved as a dedicated strike force in Allied operations, in a supporting role for the larger armies of the French Republic, United and Pacific States of America. It is still regarded, however, as a brave and effective fighting force by both people and Parliament in the United Kingdom.

Diplomatic Relations

Apart from commitments to the Democratic Federation, the United Kingdom has very few diplomatic ties or treaties with any other power. Its policy is one of 'splendid isolation' insofar as it can maintain that in an age of interstellar superpowers.

Relations with the Greater German Reich and the Soviet Union are stiff and formal, and there has never been a 'thaw' in relations with either power. Conversations with both, however, are easier for the UK than they are for any other allied power. Whereas the United States of America and the French Republic both have difficult relations with the Soviet Union and Reich respectively, the United Kingdom maintains a balance between the two, matched only by the similarly circumspect leadership of the Pacific States of America.

It is that similarity that perhaps explains the friendly relationship between the United Kingdom and the Pacific States. The 'special relationship' between the two powers is the most durable of the ties within the Democratic Federation. Historically, this relationship is explained by the United Kingdom's 'lend lease' programme of the 1940s that helped shore up the desperate Pacific States. Since then, however, the relationship is one built on mutual trade and shared objectives.

Relations with other Allied nations are cordial, although the United Kingdom holds itself aloof from many of the wranglings over the economic treaties and protocols that consumes much of Allied politicians' time. Of all the Allied Powers it is fair to say that the United Kingdom is the most jealous of its sovereignty, but is also paradoxically a stickler for the original military agreements that underpin the alliance. As Lady Helen Briar remarked 'we want an alliance that will safeguard us against aggressive super-powers. We do not, however, want a United States of the Allied Worlds.'

Relations with minor powers are also cordial but generally minimal. The United Kingdom is insular but open, and its diplomats take great care not to meddle in domestic politics and to assure governments of the United Kingdom's disinterest in all but the safe passage of Anglo-Canadian subjects and shipping. The most common sign of Anglo-Canadian influence is the presence of the Royal Navy, which has a habit of making goodwill visits as well as more pointed ones to troublesome governments. Often disparagingly called 'gunboat diplomacy', the policy of the United Kingdom is to stand aloof from the dirty business of politicking whilst at the same time reminding everyone that it has the means to get its own way if it ever chooses to do so.

Culture and Society

The United Kingdom is, like most of the Allied Powers, a multicultural society. It exhibits characteristics of all the constituent peoples that came together in the 1940s under the Anglo-Canadian government from India, Australia, Africa, North America and Europe. The dominant language is still English, however, and whilst there have been moments of tension, the present day sees a generally uniform 'Anglo-Canadian' culture exist across the nation. This was helped in part by the new national flag designed in the 1960s. The second national flag resulted in the inclusion of a circlet of maple leaves around the royal heraldry and motto of the Order of the Garter. This replaced the former flag which merely had the heraldry of Canada in the centre.

Anglo-Canadians are by and large friendly but reserved, in a way similar to their nation's foreign policy (see above). They enjoy a multitude of different hobbies and activities, and the United Kingdom is known for its quirky and distinct cultural products; from comedic television shows to small budget but high grossing films.

The nation is scrupulously class conscious, with high awareness of social background and economic prospects tied to mannerism and dress. The boundaries and styles have changed over time, but the basic structure still remains in much the same as it did in the 1930s and 40s.

Sport is popular, although Anglo-Canadian games are rarely played beyond the United Kingdom's borders. Football and ice hockey are the most popular, followed by rugby, the newer sport of cricket. The most common forum for social interaction is the famous local public house or 'pub'. Like most traditional Anglo-Canadian pastimes it is both ironically sneered at by the populace as well as cherished. The nation is by and large very aware of its long and serried past, and the traditional often occur right alongside the modern in everyday and political life.

Religion is still strong within the United Kingdom, with religious attendance standing at about 32% and private religious belief standing at nearly 73%. The United Kingdom has a state religion in the form of the Church of England. Membership of the state religion is neither encouraged nor discouraged, and there also exist a large number of Protestant, Orthodox, and Catholic Christian Denominations as well as the Islamic, Jewish, Sikh, Hindu and other 'Eastern' faiths. Discrimination on the basis of religious belief or race is highly discouraged in the United Kingdom.

Citizenship in the United Kingdom is acquired by birth to at least one parent of Anglo-Canadian heritage, although it can also be acquired through marriage to an Anglo-Canadian citizen. Unlike some nations, the United Kingdom rarely uses citizenship or passports as a means of playing politics, either to punish discontents or to encourage defections from other powers.

Nations of the Democratic Federation
Founding Members Usaflag.jpg United States of America | UnitedKingdomFlag.png United Kingdom | Francoflag.jpg | French Republic | Oceaniaflag.jpg Confederation of Australasia | PacificStates.jpeg Pacific States of America
First Terrestrial Expansion Quebec flag.png Republic of Quebec | Antillean.png Antillean Confederation
Second Terrestrial Expansion Aztlan.jpg Aztlán
First Extra-Solar Expansion African Union | Cascadia Planetary Republic | Whitefall Free State | St Helens Free State | Halton Free State | Midway Colonial Administration | Republic of North Point
Second Extra-Solar Expansion Port Daven Colonial Administration | Salvacion Colonial Administration | Kestrel City