The Soviet Navy (Russian: Космический Флот СССР, Kosmicheskij Flot SSSR, literally "Space Fleet of the USSR") is the interstellar branch of the Soviet Armed Forces. It is the direct evolution of the maritime Soviet Navy on Earth, maintaining many its traditions, organization and some of the original doctrinal thought. Major components of the Soviet Navy include Soviet Naval Aviation, Naval Infantry and Orbital Artillery. The Soviet Navy is the largest of it's kind in the Orion Arm with over 100,000 active combatants. When compared to the Kriegsmarine or Royal Navy however, Soviet ships are routinely kept in service far longer and a larger percentage of the fleet is outdated by modern standards. In addition to the hundreds of bases, outposts and anchorages located within Soviet space, the Soviet Navy maintains numerous foreign facilities, both within the Kharkov Pact and the Orion Arm as a whole. The Soviet Navy is sometimes referred to by it's honorary title "The Red Space Forces" by foreign observers as the "Soviet Space Forces" or the "Soviet Interstellar Navy", within the service itself it is known primarily as the politically and historically important title, The Red Fleet.
The mission of the Soviet Navy is largely unchanged from its maritime role Earth and falls into two general categories: defense of the USSR against external threats and the projection of Soviet political influence. Currently, Soviet naval activity is focused along the nation's borders with the Empire of Japan and the Greater German Reich. The USSR's newest and best ships usually operate in these areas. The outbreak of the Soviet-German war has expanded Soviet naval activity to include numerous star systems extending from Vega, to the outer reaches of the Ginnungagap. Soviet ships operating in these sectors have been largely integrated into several wartime battlegroups composed of hundreds of ships. In contrast, the small Soviet task forces routinely assigned to areas outside the current warzone or far from Soviet worlds are tailored primarily for political roles and have lesser military capabilities. This has begun to change however as the Soviet-German war expands. The objectives of the Soviet Navy are achieved through a number of core capabilities:
- 1 - Provision of numerous battlegroups and task forces capable of sustaining prolonged anti-ship warfare.
- 2 - Delivery of Naval Infantry forces and contribution of assets to the Red Army Space Forces.
- 3 - Sustained orbital defense
- 4 - Transportation and use of nuclear armaments during peace and wartime operations;
- 5 - Supporting Soviet ground and aerospace forces during offensive and defensive operations;
- 6 - Interstellar reconnaissance, mine warfare, early warning, communications, strategic transportation, and logistics lift.
- 7 - Interdiction of enemy logistics and communications;
- 8 - Attacking enemy space stations, bases and planetary targets.
- 9 - Extension of Soviet influence through port calls, relief missions, and goodwill visits.
Beginning in the late 2230s the Soviet Navy began to move away from it’s traditional role as a purely defensive force to a more balanced and modern interstellar navy capable of accomplishing a full range of wartime and peacetime tasks. This evolution was supported by an ambitious naval construction program, heightened use of foreign deployments and facilities as well as additional operational experience.
The modern Soviet Navy is a major competitor in overall size and technical sophistication to the opponents it is most likely to face in open battle; primarily the German Kriegsmarine, Imperial Japanese Navy, and the respective fleets of the Democratic Federation. When compared to these respective forces, the Soviet Navy makes greater use of torpedo and missile armaments, mostly eschewing pure fleet carriers in favor of carrier/cruiser hybrids. This is especially evident in the Slavny, Retivyy, and Odessa lines of ship classes which all feature a combination of heavy naval artillery, missiles and torpedoes alongside a compliment of strikecraft.
Soviet battlegroups are organized primarily around battlecruisers with strikecraft intended to serve a largely defensive role.
Prominent Ship Classes and Installations
- Sevastopol Class Fleet Carrier
- Vladivostok Class Fleet Carrier
- Odessa Class Battlecruiser
- Moscow Class Battlecruiser
- Kiev Class Battlecruiser
- Novosibirsk Class Battlecruiser
- Retivyy Class Heavy Cruiser
- Bezukoriznennyy Class Cruiser
- Storozhevoy II Class Cruiser
- Storozhevoy I Class Cruiser
- Slavny Class Light Cruiser
- Svirepyy Class Light Cruiser
- Aurora Class Torpedo Cruiser
- Rokossovsky Class Destroyer
- Chuikov Class Destroyer
- Yeremenko II Class Destroyer
- Yeremenko I Class Destroyer
- Voronov Class Destroyer
- Vasilevsky Class Destroyer
- Vatutin Class Frigate
- Kovev Class Frigate
- Shaposhnikov Class Frigate
- Antonov Class Frigate
- Pavlov Class Corvette
- Suvorov Class Corvette
- Milyutin Class Corvette
- MiG-551 Interceptor
- MiG-443 Fighter
- Su-850 Fighter-Bomber
Transports and Auxiliary Ships
- Leningrad Red Space Forces Officer's Military Academy
- Kremlin Red Space Forces Specialist Military Academy
- Ulyanovsk Red Space Forces Aerospace Aviation Academy
- Admiralty Shipyards
- Stalingrad Fleet Yards
- Leningrad Station
- October Station
Novosibirsk Fleet Testing Range
|Armed Forces of the Soviet Union|
|Main Services||Red Army | Soviet Air Force | Soviet Navy|
|Component Services||Red Army Space Forces | Spetsnaz | Signal Troops | Soviet Naval Infantry | Soviet Fleet Aviation|
|Independent Servics||Soviet Strategic Forces | Soviet Orbital Forces | Rear Services ||