Pacific States of America
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The Pacific States of America, commonly abbreviated as the PSA or referred to as the Pacific States (PS) is a federal republic consisting of 23 states and 4 interstellar territories spread across the Orion Arm.
The PSA is one of the Orion Arm's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, owing to the large-scale migration from many countries during the Virus Crisis and subsequent First Scinfaxi War. Founded in the midst of the conflict, the PSA originated as an emergency government after contact with the United States government in Washington was severed by the advance of the Scinfaxi forces in 1944. After the Scinfaxi retreated, reunification talks between President Truman of the US and General Douglas MacArthur of the PSA began. However, disagreements between both nations regarding reconstruction prevented reunification. Since 1948, the Pacific States has remained a sovereign nation while maintaining strong ties with the US. The Pacific States has remained an important partner of the United States into the modern era and reunification talks between the two nations occur every few decades, so far without success.
The Pacific States is a highly developed country with the Orion Arm's 7th largest economy and fourth largest within the Democratic Federation. While it has a well-developed infrastructure funded by an abundance of natural resources, it has begun to suffer from growing income inequality and declining public services.
The Scinfaxi invasion of the United States drove rapidly through the heart of the country. By October of 1944 the lead elements of their advance had reached the Great Lakes and the Canadian border, effectively cutting the entire country in two. The authorities in the states of Arizona, New Mexico, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Washington and Oregon were cut off from direct contact with the United States government in Washington DC.
Radio communication between the two unoccupied areas of the United States grew sporadic and unreliable as the result of Scinfaxi interference until almost ceasing entirely. Without directives from the federal government and faced with the prospect of civil and military collapse, General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander of the Pacific Theater and the highest ranking official on the West Coast assumed executive leadership. On October 30, 1944, he and his administration announced the creation of an Emergency Pacific States Government (EPSG). This official body acted as an interim federal government for the American states west of the Scinfaxi occupation zone. It’s primary purpose was to coordinate human resistance and preserve social and political institutions for eventual reunification with the United States.
The Scinfaxi Invasion
MacArthur’s proclamation was initially met by confusion by the general public. Having been broadcast almost unannounced and with radio communication in disarray across the continent, many details of the message were not communicated to communities in isolated regions or in contested zones with the Scinfaxi.
However, communication between state governments, the military, and the EPSG was secure, and thus, the bureaucracy was able to adapt quickly and effectively act upon orders from MacArthur’s administration. The revised command structure had a profound effect on military units acting in the Pacific States. With a centralized authority reestablished, resistance against the Scinfaxi intensified. Integration between the Army and Navy improved tactical planning and enactment.
Throughout the last months of 1944 and most of 1945, the Pacific States remained almost entirely cut off from the rest of the human world. Requests for aid eventually reached the US government in Washington D.C. through relays in Canada; but due to the immense pressure Scinfaxi forces were putting on the US military in the east,, no assistance could be given. The United Kingdom, however, was able to provide a small array of military forces. Most of the British Pacific Fleet had retreated to Seattle and Vancouver after the fall of British colonies in Southeast Asia. Placed under American command, these forces would play a large role in the defense of the Pacific States.
With these elements in place, the Pacific States and its allies were not only able to hold their position, but even launch a limited offensive to retake Los Angeles. The “Drive to the Sea,” as it was later called, was of little strategic benefit. Yet, it served to lift the morale of the civilian population who increasingly felt abandoned by the United States government.
In October 1945. the first Atomic Bomb was detonated in Chicago. The Scinfaxi across the continent began to retreat and the Pacific States finally resumed stable communication with the US government. As the combined forces of the United States, Pacific States and the British Empire advanced across the continent, tensions between the two Americas grew.
Even before the war ended issues of sovereignty began to present themselves. Border states between the west and the east had restructured their governments to suit the situation during the Scinfaxi assault. In peace, they were unsure where they fit in the political divide between the two federal governments in Washington DC and in Seattle.
The first conference between the EPSG and the United States government entrenched the separation between the two Americas. Rather than saluting President Truman as a military officer, General MacArthur offered a handshake as a political figure. The relative success of the Pacific Government and the inability of the United States to provide any meaningful aid during the Scinfaxi War had created sentiment within the MacArthur administration that the US government and the EPSG were equals. Across the military and civilian establishments in the Pacific States a new patriotic allegiance to MacArthur and an attitude that they had “done it alone” made reintegration difficult. MacArthur himself was obstinate and imposed conditions and terms the United States could not hope to fulfill in exchange for his resignation and the reincorporation of the Pacific States.
After three years of talks, the Pacific and United states governments were no closer to agreeing on a reunification plan.. The issue was tabled for five years and the Pacific States of America was recognized as a sovereign nation by the United States. It was at this point that the EPSG changed its name to the Federal Government of the Pacific States of America and ceased being an interim government. Both US and PS federal governments would form a common economic bloc in 1962, but each would maintain independent military, domestic, and foreign policies.
During the post-war years, the Pacific States underwent reconstruction at a rapid pace. Despite its success in securing sovereignty, the federal government was not developed enough to organize increased economic activity. The first peacetime administration lacked the experience to regulate the economy, control inflation, and negotiate its debts to private institutions and foreign countries. The PS government also suffered from increasing civil unrest due to the autocratic leadership of General MacArthur Having been granted absolute power by the Pacific American Senate, MacArthur pressed for the introduction of several controversial reforms, including the suspensions of elections until the “conclusion of reconstruction.” MacArthur declared, in a televised speech, that he took these steps to ‘safeguard Continental America in the face of Communist entryism. I am concerned for the security of our great Nation; not so much because of any threat from without, but because of the insidious forces working from within.'
In August 1952, Governor General MacArthur was en route to deliver a speech to be delivered to an opposition-controlled House of Representatives when an assassin opened fire on his motorcade. The attempt failed. Within the hour, MacArthur declared martial law, citing the attempt on his life as proof of a communist threat within the PSA.
Martial law lasted for three days. Some units refused orders to go control the streets. Some did so but left their weapons behind and joined demonstrations. Only in the immediate vicinity of the Governor-General's residence and in some areas of the capital were all of measures of martial law enforced. Admiral Ernest King, commander of the Pacific States Flotilla and hero of the amphibious landings in Baja California, took several armed units of marines and navy personnel to storm the Governor-General's residence. Shots were fired in limited cases, and five were killed. Shortly before noon, MacArthur was captured by King’s forces and agreed to resign the office of Governor-General at gunpoint. Martial law was revoked. Members of MacArthur’s regime were stripped of office in the military and the police. General elections were announced a week after the coup. Douglas MacArthur died a year later and was given a state funeral.
In the following decades, the Pacific States continued their transition into an independent country with a series of political realignments. Referendums concerning reunification with the US were held sporadically during that period. Initially the results were only narrowly in support of independence, but by 1966, the margin had widened to such a point that reunification lost its central role in Pacific American politics..
Throughout the latter decades of the 20th century, the Pacific States of America experienced rapid economic growth and political stability. The rise of political movements concerned with enhancing the quality of life of immigrants and refugees brought to the country during the Virus Crisis and Scinfaxi War dominated the 1980s. A succession of progressive governments in the 1980s distanced the PSA further from the USA and drew it closer with the United Kingdom.
The Second Scinfaxi War
The Pacific States played a large role in the early space exploration of the Solar System and subsequent extraterrestrial colonization efforts. Throughout the early period of the colonization effort, the Pacific States acted mostly in conjunction with the United States’ space program. The PSA was one of the largest investors in the Alpha Centauri Colony Venture. When the system gained economic independence in 2061, the economy in the Pacific States crashed and entered its worst recession in the 21st century.
Politics and Government
The Pacific States of America is a democratic federal constitutional presidential republic, modeled after the United States of America. As in the United States, the Pacific American government is codified in a constitution,, in this case the Constitution of the Pacific States of America. The Constitution heavily borrowed from the Constitution of the United States as it was in 1944, containing much the same language in the original articles and amendments. Some amendments, such as the two banning and then later re-establishing the sale of alcohol, are omitted from the Pacific version as they were deemed redundant or trivial.
The Pacific Constitution features an expanded Bill of Rights. Re-contextualized versions of the Reconstruction and Universal Suffrage amendments are ordered immediately after the original ten from the Constitution of the United States. These are grouped along with a Thirteenth Amendment that incorporates the “Second Bill of Rights” that was proposed by American President Franklin Roosevelt during the First Scinfaxi War as a proposal to guarantee the economic rights of American citizens. Under this amendment, Pacific Americans enjoy rights to employment, a fair income, subsidized housing, universal healthcare, social security, and higher education. It also gaurantees freedom from unfair competition and from monopolies.The Bill of Rights was originally embraced by Governor General MacArthur as a way to add legitimacy to his regime, but were undermined in practice. After Ernest King’s coup in 1952, the Bill of Rights was crucial in preserving the human rights of Pacifc American citizens and millions of refugees the Pacific States sheltered during the post-war years.
The Pacific States federal government is organized similarly to that of the United States. While the Legislative and Judicial Branches hold the same titles and powers, the offices of the Executive Branch are named differently. The head of state of the PSA is called the Governor General; instead of Vice President, the second-highest Executive official is the Lieutenant Governor. These names trace back to General MacArthur’s position in the EPSG, serving the dual positions of de-facto Governor for the Western states and as General for the armies stationed there. Another departure is the inclusion of a special council of advisors, the Governor’s Circle, which acts as a committee that reviews legislative proposals before voting to introduce them to the Pacific States Congress.
Having taken to the stars in cooperation with the United States, the Pacific States of America introduced an interstellar political structure similar to that of the USA. Like the US, the PSA ratified a constitutional amendment that introduced an additional tier of government between federal and state. This institution is called the Planetary States. Like the Commonwealths in the USA, the Planetary States governments function as the Pacific federal government within their territories. They elect Governor-Majors, and maintain their own constitutions, legislatures, and courts, however, they must comply with federal laws and orders.
Unlike the United American Commonwealths, Planetary States, such as California, can control more than one inhabited system. This is usually a temporary measure to oversee Pacific colonies that are in the early stages of development and benefit from the administration that the larger Planetary State provides. The Planetary States are also more decentralized than the Commonwealths, with Planetary legislatures reserving the ability to veto and override federal law, so long as doing so does not otherwise violate the Constitution of the Pacific States of America.
The Pacific States of America is currently divided into 23 states and 4 federal territories. The states are grouped between five Planetary States: California, MacArthur, Aztlan, San Joaquin, and Yosemite, with remaining systems being divided between the Federal and Planetary State territories he Aztlan Planetary State shares the Aztlan system with an independent nation and fellow Democratic Federation member: The United States of Aztlan.
California is the direct continuation of the old State of California; the old state government was promoted and adapted to Planetary Statehood. This reflects the historical role California has played within the Pacific States. California also contains the capital of the Pacific States of America, Trinity. Several of the old-Earth states such as Oregon and Idaho continue as states within California. Unlike the United States of America, states formed from extraterrestrial territories outnumber the old-Earth states. These space colonial states dominate politics and culture in the PSA.
The Pacific States is bordered: to the west by the New Canaan Republic, Republic of Gediz, and Tyrus Caliphate; to the north by the United States of America and the Federation capital Liberty; to the east by the Cascadian Planetary Republic, African Union, and the French Republic; and to the south by an uninhabited region of space currently claimed by France.
The Pacific States, as mentioned above, possess the second largest land military in the Democratic Federation, although its Navy and Air Force are much smaller. This is in part due to the fact that the Pacific States fought a primarily land engagement against the Scinfaxi. More notable is the Pacific States military doctrine. Refraining from adventurism, the PSA prefers defense in depth and careful maneuvers. The PSA benefits in any case from considerable co-operation with the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy. ‘Why build a fleet’ General Maria Rosa famously asked, ‘when you can have a friend’s fleet do the job?’
The Pacific States Government Army (PSGA), therefore, is ultimately a defensive force for maintaining territorial integrity. Despite official doctrine, the Pacific States has participated in offensive warfare with other Democratic Federation members across the Orion Arm. When operating in concert with other Federation powers, the PSGA is highly capable as an occupation force. Repeated military maneuvers with the United American army have fostered great synergy and comradery between the two American armed forces. The name, ‘Pacific States Government Army’ is a reference to its past as an impromptu collection of US Army forces in the 1940s, and the name is still worn with pride in the PSGA ranks.
The Pacific States Flotilla, or PSF, is one of the smallest navies in the Democratic Federation but is nonetheless an effective fighting force. Its current commander, Admiral Richard Harring, has a reputation for marshaling his limited forces as a potent supporting force with the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy. To serve in the PSF is considered a great honor in the Pacific States played by loyal Navy personnel in removing Governor General MacArthur and restoring democracy to the country..
The Pacific States Government Air Force, the PSGAF, is the second largest arm of the Pacific States military. It predominantly uses standard Democratic Federation equipment and United States Air Force doctrine.
The armed forces of the Pacific States of America have occupied a central role in the political culture since the founding of the EPSG in 1944. Governor-General MacArthur is remembered as a founding father figure by many in the PSA, but his legacy is complicated by his autocratic and personalistic tendencies. In the late 1950s, MacArthur attempted to impose direct absolute control of the PSA by subordinating the legislature to his own office. The attempted ruling was backed by a faction within the PSGA who lauded MacArthur as a war hero and statesman. It is this history of military juntas and coups that complicates the view of the PSGA, PSF and the PSGAF in the eyes of the Pacific American public. Right-wing voices praise MacArthur and the EPSG as founders and saviors of the country. Left-wing voices tend to be more dubious, citing the establishment of a police state in peacetime by the MacArthur regime. The right often replies that the PSF then restored democracy by removing MacArthur. The role of the armed forces in the Pacific States of America is a central and contested topic in politics.
As aforementioned, the Pacific States enjoys strong relationships within the Democratic Federation, especially with the United Kingdom. The two nations have a shared history of co-operation and a similar interstellar outlook. Regular military exercises are coupled with regular state visits. Anglo-Canadians share open borders, lower tariffs, and other benefits with PS Americans. However, the two powers avoid the subject of political and economic integration at supranational levels. The Pacific States is the most vocal proponent of a unified Democratic Federation government, while the United Kingdom has an outright hostile stance to such ambitions. A third junior partner, the Confederation of Australasia, is also considered a part of what is often colloquially referred to as the ‘Cousins Alliance’ due to the shared history between the three powers.
The Pacific States also shares close relations with the French Republic. The French and Pacific American governments share a deep commitment to progressivism and human rights and have cooperated to protect those values within the Democratic Federation and across the Orion Arm. Diplomatic crises involving the two powers have been few and far between.
Relations with the other interstellar powers, the Greater German Reich, the Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan are cool but nonaggressive. On the surface, the Pacific States upholds sovereignty in regards to ideological conflicts with communists and fascists. A deeper look into the mainstream political philosophy, however, reveals a polity that is deeply embittered towards human rights abusers and discrimination.
Relations with the United States of America
The United States and Pacific States exist together in a deeply integrated supranational union incorporated into the broader Democratic Federation, one that predates it by several decades. The two cooperate closely on most matters, including a shared market, a monetary union, open borders, a dual citizenship program, and close collaboration on military projects. The two are colloquially referred to as ‘America,’ especially in regards to culture.
This has led the PSA to generally express strong ambivalence at the prospect of reunification, as the current relationship with the USA is very beneficial. Pacific Americans enjoy open borders and cheaply manufactured goods from the United States, however, public polls consistently demonstrate strong negative opinions towards the anti-welfare stances that are mainstream in United American politics. Reunification with the other America would mean joining a polity where Pacific Americans are outnumbered 1:5. If the two Americas were to join together, the voting power of PSA citizens at the federal level would drastically diminish. Despite anti-reunification attitudes, referendums are still held periodically in both countries on the matter. While reunification polls well in the United States, results in the Pacific States suggest that diplomatic union between the Americas is unlikely.
Culture and Society
The Pacific States is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Orion Arm. While the majority of Pacific Americans are of Anglo-American, Aztecah (Mexican), or Anglo-Canadian heritage, a large and growing portion of the population are from other ancestries. The PSA is an interstellar immigration hub due to its high living-standards, expansive job market, and strong legal protection of freedom of movement. The latter is a remnant of refugee policy and Nations-within-Nations program that the country adopted in the post-First Scinfaxi War years. 39% of Pacific American households speak a language other than English or Spanish at home. This demographic includes Arabic, Amharic, Chinese, Farsi, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mayan dialects, Navajo, Polish, Portuguese, Punjab, Russian, Tagalog, Tamil, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese speakers in varying sizes. It is due to this linguistic diversity that the majority of Pacific Americans know at least two languages. 67% of Pacific Americans are bilingual and 32% trilingual, more than any other country in the Orion Arm.
Much like in the United States, consumerism is an important aspect of Pacific American culture. High minimum and average wages allow Pacific Americans to earn large disposable incomes. Shopping malls are prominent social spaces in most communities. The retail industry is one of the largest in the Pacific American economy.
Humanism is a major philosophical movement in Pacific American culture. Multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism are commonly ranked as the country’s most important attributes in public opinion polls. The PSA has one of the largest education budgets in the Democratic Federation. Self-improvement literature and lifestyles are popular. The Pacific American penal system is lauded by human rights organizations as one of the best models of rehabilitative justice in the Orion Arm. Liberal democratic values, human rights, and egalitarianism are mainstays in PSA politics and society. Humanist values create a general distrust of laissez-faire economics thatt dominates political and work life. Companies that operate within the Pacific States must comply with strict regulations and antitrust laws. There are severe restrictions on the private donation of money to political organizations and candidates. Unionization is prolific even in the rural areas of the country. Work-life balance is considered an important issue in Pacific American politics; the Pacific American work week is just 30 hours and overtime is legally required to be compensated.
Along with the United States, the PSA is a part of an interstellar American culture. Pacific Americans consume and produce American media. While producing many well-renowned literary figures, poets, and dramatists, the PSA is most known for its movie industry based in the Planetary State of California. Pacific American films are found in movie theaters and on streaming platforms throughout the Orion Arm; they are also some of the most commonly smuggled censored material in countries like the Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan. The Pacific American music industry is similarly prominent. Punk is very popular, especially among young people of Aztecah and Anglo-Canadian descent. Rap and hip hop artists from the PSA hold a rivalry with those from the USA.
Due to the diversity of Pacific Americans and their geographies of their planets, gastronomy varies wildly between communities. Although Aztecah and Anglo-American food are the most ubiquitous, a wide variety of cuisines are prepared and eaten in households and restaurants throughout the country. Foreign tourists often report surprise and confusion at the large assortment of different ingredients for sale at Pacific American supermarkets.
|Nations of the Democratic Federation|
|Founding Members||United States of America | United Kingdom | | French Republic | Confederation of Australasia | Pacific States of America|
|First Terrestrial Expansion||Republic of Quebec | Antillean Confederation|
|Second Terrestrial Expansion||Aztlán|
|First Extra-Solar Expansion||African Union | Cascadia Planetary Republic | Whitefall Free State | St Helens Free State | Halton Free State | Midway Colonial Administration | Republic of North Point|
|Second Extra-Solar Expansion||Port Daven Colonial Administration | Salvacion Colonial Administration | Kestrel City|